Evaluación del soporte nutricional para pacientes con diagnóstico de covid-19 versus la evolución del estado nutricional durante su estancia en un hospital de segundo nivel, Quito-Ecuador, 2021

  • Paola Cristina Merino Rodríguez Hospital general Pablo Arturo Suárez
  • Santiago Fernando Montoya Mendieta Hospital general Pablo Arturo Suárez
  • Nathaly Marcela Patiño Recalde Hospital general Pablo Arturo Suárez
  • Sharon Daniela Zaragosín Carranza Hospital general Pablo Arturo Suárez
  • Mgs. Diana Vinueza Hospital general Pablo Arturo Suárez
  • Dr. Diego Noboa Hospital general Pablo Arturo Suárez

Resumen

La reciente y desconocida enfermedad COVID-19 declarada pandemia en marzo de 2020 la cual es causada por el virus del SARS-CoV-2, que a inicios de su aparición afectaba principalmente a adultos mayores y con el pasar del tiempo ha afectado pacientes adultos y adultos jóvenes, en los cuales se ha observado el común padecimiento de algunas comorbilidades como la obesidad junto con otras enfermedades crónicas coexistentes como diabetes de tipo 2 e hipertensión arterial, considerando que son factores que aumentan el riesgo de complicaciones por COVID 19 y probabilidad de larga estancia hospitalaria e incluso mortalidad. Al realizar este estudio, se observó la relación de algunas variables estadísticamente significativas como el tiempo de estancia hospitalaria con los días en NPO (nada por vía oral) en los pacientes, así también se consideró la estrecha relación entre el diagnóstico del peso de los pacientes con el desarrollo de escaras a lo largo de la estancia hospitalaria y finalmente el alto riesgo de mortalidad al poseer una relación significativa entre dichas variables. Así podemos afirmar que el estado nutricional al ingreso y durante la estancia hospitalaria parece ser un factor relevante que influye en el resultado clínico de los pacientes con COVID-19 críticamente enfermos. El propósito de este estudio es analizar las principales causas alimentarias que aumentan el riesgo de larga estancia hospitalaria y de mortalidad del paciente para poder crear recomendaciones relacionadas con el adecuado manejo nutricional del paciente hospitalizado críticamente enfermo con COVID-19 con la finalidad de mejorar el pronóstico y los resultados clínicos.

Palabras clave: covid-19, nutrición, enteral, estado, nutricional, estancia, hospitalaria, terapia nutricional

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Publicado
2022-04-27
Cómo citar
Merino Rodríguez, P. C., Montoya Mendieta, S. F., Patiño Recalde, N. M., Zaragosín Carranza, S. D., Vinueza, D., & Noboa , D. (2022). Evaluación del soporte nutricional para pacientes con diagnóstico de covid-19 versus la evolución del estado nutricional durante su estancia en un hospital de segundo nivel, Quito-Ecuador, 2021. Ciencia Latina Revista Científica Multidisciplinar, 6(2), 3466-3484. https://doi.org/10.37811/cl_rcm.v6i2.2103
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