Modos de ventilación mecánica invasiva prevalentes dentro de las unidades de cuidados intensivos del Ecuador

  • Stalin Javier Caiza Lema Hospital Santa Inés. Área de Fisioterapia Ecuador – Ambato
  • Robinson Adrián Rumiguano Jiménez Centro Cardiopulmonar Resphyairway. Departamento de Fisioterapia Intensiva. Chile – Santiago RM
  • Hemily Daniela Ortiz Lima Médico residente – Clínica Pujili Ecuador – Latacunga
  • Jhonatan Sebastián Paneluisa Lema Médico – Laboratorios JB Ecuador – Galápagos

Resumen

Introducción: El síndrome de distrés respiratorio agudo se enmarca como una patología de características hipoxémicas de alta incidencia dentro de cuidados intensivos cuyo diagnóstico se apoya en diversas herramientas clínicas, se estima una presentación del 10,4% con una elevada tasa de mortalidad cerca del 63%, razón por la cual se hace mandatorio la instauración de ventilación mecánica. Los principales modos ventilatorios son los controlados por presión y volumen, de los cuales se desglosa una amplia variedad. Objetivo: identificar los modos ventilatorios de preferencia dentro de cuidados intensivos del Ecuador utilizados en síndrome de distrés respiratorio. Metodología: se desenvolvió bajo las directrices correspondientes a uno de tipo observacional, de carácter descriptivo y de corte transversal. Resultados: La región costa fue donde se obtuvo la mayor parte del registro con un 52,73% seguida de la sierra con 40% y oriente con 7,27%. Destacando el modo VCP como el más usado con un 41,8% (n=23), el VCV y A/C con 18,2% (n=10), el SIMV alcanzo 10.9% (n=6), IPPV 9,1% (n=5) y el modo PRVC 1,8% (n=1). Conclusión: En el actual estudio se recolectaron un total de 5 modos ventilatorios utilizados dentro de cuidados intensivos de 3 regiones del Ecuador con mayor porcentaje de preferencia al modo VCP.

Palabras clave: modo ventilatorio, ventilación mecánica, síndrome de distrés respiratorio

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Publicado
2022-06-12
Cómo citar
Caiza Lema, S. J., Rumiguano Jiménez, R. A., Ortiz Lima , H. D., & Paneluisa Lema, J. S. (2022). Modos de ventilación mecánica invasiva prevalentes dentro de las unidades de cuidados intensivos del Ecuador. Ciencia Latina Revista Científica Multidisciplinar, 6(3), 1968-1980. https://doi.org/10.37811/cl_rcm.v6i3.2347
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