Factores de riesgo para enfermedades metabólicas en adolescentes de tres etnias de Chihuahua, México

  • Stephanie Juárez Pazos Facultad de Medicina y Ciencias Biomédicas, Universidad Autónoma de Chihuahua. Chihuahua, Chih., México https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0679-1048
  • Irene Leal-Berumen Facultad de Medicina y Ciencias Biomédicas, Universidad Autónoma de Chihuahua. Chihuahua, Chih., México https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4640-7466
  • Víctor Manuel Santana Rodríguez Facultad de Ciencias Químicas, Universidad Autónoma de Chihuahua. Chihuahua, Chih., México
  • Verónica Moreno Brito Facultad de Medicina y Ciencias Biomédicas, Universidad Autónoma de Chihuahua. Chihuahua, Chih., México https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6094-7832
  • Pilar Hernández Rodríguez Facultad de Ciencias Químicas, Universidad Autónoma de Chihuahua. Chihuahua, Chih., México
  • Imelda Alcalá Sánchez Facultad De Derecho, Universidad Autónoma de Chihuahua. Chihuahua, Chih., México https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4487-1401
  • Miguel Conchas Ramírez Facultad de Ciencias de la Cultura Física, Universidad Autónoma de Chihuahua. Chihuahua, Chih., México https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3005-5830
  • Everardo González Rodríguez Facultad de Medicina y Ciencias Biomédicas, Universidad Autónoma de Chihuahua. Chihuahua, Chih., México https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0401-0073
  • Angel Licón Trillo Facultad de Medicina y Ciencias Biomédicas, Universidad Autónoma de Chihuahua. Chihuahua, Chih., México https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3689-2704

Resumen

Este estudio realizado en adolescentes de las etnias Menonita, Tarahumara y Mestiza del estado de Chihuahua, pretende hacer una descripción de los componentes de riesgo para síndrome metabólico (SM) que en la vida actual tiene nuestra población, y que predisponen a un gran número de enfermedades metabólicas. Se revisaron las variables: edad, sexo, IMC, circunferencia de cintura, glucosa en ayunas, colesterol total, triglicéridos, c-HDL y presión arterial. Las variables fueron comparadas de acuerdo con los diversos criterios para determinar el síndrome metabólico: IDF, NCEP-ATP III (Cook y de Ferranti) y OMS. La prevalencia de SM en la muestra fue mayor en adolescentes tarahumaras (12.65%) en comparación con mestizos (11.95%) y menonitas (7.15%), de acuerdo con los criterios de la ATP III (De Ferranti). Conclusiones. Existe una diferencia estadística significante en la prevalencia de SM en adolescentes de los diferentes grupos étnicos de Chihuahua.

Palabras clave: síndrome metabólico, adolescente, México, tarahumara, menonita, mestizo

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Publicado
2022-08-09
Cómo citar
Juárez Pazos, S., Irene Leal-Berumen, I. L.-B., Santana Rodríguez, V. M., Moreno Brito, V., Hernández Rodríguez, P., Alcalá Sánchez, I., Conchas Ramírez, M., González Rodríguez, E., & Licón Trillo, A. (2022). Factores de riesgo para enfermedades metabólicas en adolescentes de tres etnias de Chihuahua, México. Ciencia Latina Revista Científica Multidisciplinar, 6(4), 1616-1631. https://doi.org/10.37811/cl_rcm.v6i4.2684
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