Fabrication of a Functionally Graded Material by ex situ Centrifugal Casting Method
This study focuses on the fabrication of a functionally graded material (FGM) with an aluminum matrix and silicon carbide reinforcement particles using the horizontal centrifugal casting method. The equipment used was the Stir Casting, and centrifugal casting machine. The fabrication of the FGM was carried out by prioritizing specific parameters such as temperature and mold rotation speed, molten matrix temperature, size and weight percentage of the SiC particles (mesh #400 and #320 respectively); once the parameters were defined, the material was fabricated by the horizontal centrifugal casting method ex-situ. A molten Al 365 alloy was used as matrix material and subsequent homogenization with SiC particles, a mixture under the required parameters was poured in the horizontal rotating mold at speeds of 1000 and 1200 rpm respectively, the permanent rotative mold allowed for obtaining a functionally graded tube from which specimens were extracted and characterized by metallographic analysis and microhardness.
D. K. Rajak, D. D. Pagar, R. Kumar, and C. I. Pruncu, “Recent progress of reinforcement materials: A comprehensive overview of composite materials,” J. Mater. Res. Technol., vol. 8, no. 6, pp. 6354–6374, 2019, doi: 10.1016/j.jmrt.2019.09.068.
M. F. Forster, R. W. Hamilton, R. J. Dashwood, and P. D. Lee, “Centrifugal casting of aluminium containing in situ formed TiB2,” Mater. Sci. Technol., vol. 19, no. 9, pp. 1215–1219, 2003, doi: 10.1179/026708303225005872.
M. Yousefi and H. Doostmohammadi, “Microstructural Evolution and Solidification Behavior of Functionally Graded In Situ Al–Cr Composites During Centrifugal Casting,” Int. J. Met., vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 650–663, 2021, doi: 10.1007/s40962-020-00499-y.
B. Saleh et al., “30 Years of functionally graded materials: An overview of manufacturing methods, Applications and Future Challenges,” Compos. Part B Eng., vol. 201, no. August, p. 108376, 2020, doi: 10.1016/j.compositesb.2020.108376.
R. Ambigai and S. Prabhu, “Characterization and Mechanical Analysis of Functionally Graded Al-Si3N4 Composites through Centrifugal Process,” J. Mater. Eng. Perform., vol. 30, no. 10, pp. 7328–7342, 2021, doi: 10.1007/s11665-021-05963-2.
I. Milosan et al., “Characterization of aluminum alloy-silicon carbide functionally graded materials developed by centrifugal casting process,” Appl. Sci., vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 1–14, 2021, doi: 10.3390/app11041625.
ASM, “ASM Handbook-Metallography and Microstructures,” Technology, vol. 2, p. 3470, 2001.
J. G. Kaufman, Introduction to Aluminium Alloys and Tempers. 2000.
R. K. Verma, D. Parganiha, and M. Chopkar, “A review on fabrication and characteristics of functionally graded aluminum matrix composites fabricated by centrifugal casting method,” SN Appl. Sci., vol. 3, no. 2, 2021, doi: 10.1007/s42452-021-04200-8.
A. Bedoya and J. Paúl, “Escuela Politécnica Nacional Facultad De Ingeniería Mecánica Rediseño Y Contrucción De La Máquina De Colado Centrífugo Horizontal Trabajo De Titulación Previo a La Obtención Del Título De Ingeniero Mecánico,” 2020.
A. A. H. Faisal and L. A. Naji, “Simulation of Ammonia Nitrogen Removal from Simulated Wastewater by Sorption onto Waste Foundry Sand Using Artificial Neural Network,” Assoc. Arab Univ. J. Eng. Sci., vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 28–34, 2019, doi: 10.33261/jaaru.2019.26.1.004.
. M. El-Galy, B. I. Saleh, and M. H. Ahmed, “Functionally graded materials classifications and development trends from industrial point of view,” SN Appl. Sci., vol. 1, no. 11, 2019, doi: 10.1007/s42452-019-1413-4.
K. Wang, Z. M. Zhang, T. Yu, N. J. He, and Z. Z. Zhu, “The transfer behavior in centrifugal casting of SiCp/Al composites,” J. Mater. Process. Technol., vol. 242, pp. 60–67, 2017, doi: 10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2016.11.019.
V. H. Sánchez Taco, “‘Determinacion De La Metodologia Para La Obtencion De Aleaciones De Aluminio De Fundicion Maquinables Sin Porosidades’.,” p. 168, 2011.
“An Introduction to Particle Characterization.”
https://www.azom.com/article.aspx?ArticleID=18502 (accessed Aug. 30, 2022).
Derechos de autor 2023 Fausto Hernán Oviedo Fierro , Luis Gustavo Huilca Caisalitín
Esta obra está bajo licencia internacional Creative Commons Reconocimiento 4.0.