Arteritis de Takayasu, descripción de una entidad vasculitica infrecuente y revisión de la literatura

Resumen

La arteritis de Takayasu es una vasculitis granulomatosa idiopática de la aorta y sus principales ramas y constituye una de las vasculitis más frecuentes en niños. La inflamación y la proliferación de la íntima conducen al engrosamiento de la pared, lesiones estenóticas u oclusivas y trombosis, mientras que la destrucción de las capas elástica y muscular origina aneurismas y disecciones. Las características clínicas más frecuentes son dolor a la palpación de la arteria carótida, claudicación, alteraciones oculares, anomalías del sistema nervioso central y debilitamiento del pulso. El diagnóstico generalmente se confirma mediante la observación de anomalías en la pared de los vasos grandes: estenosis, aneurismas, oclusión y evidencia de aumento de la circulación colateral en angiografía, MRA o CTA. El propósito de esta revisión es abordar el conocimiento actual sobre patogenia, investigaciones, clasificación

Palabras clave: Takayasu, Arteritis, Vasculitis, Aorta, Vaso grande

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Publicado
2022-09-16
Cómo citar
Theran león , J. S., Dulcey Sarmiento, L. A., Carrillo Parada, M. F., Melo Gómez, H. J., & Gil Sierra, D. J. (2022). Arteritis de Takayasu, descripción de una entidad vasculitica infrecuente y revisión de la literatura. Ciencia Latina Revista Científica Multidisciplinar, 6(5), 17-55. https://doi.org/10.37811/cl_rcm.v6i5.2907
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